In recent years, Medicine has undergone important advances. What was unthinkable ten or twenty years ago is already becoming a reality.
First Parkinson's vaccine
Until 2012, Parkinson's disease was considered untreated. However, last year the Austrian company Affiris AG tested the PD01A vaccine, not to relieve symptoms as before, but to cure the disease. The drug forces the body to destroy the toxic alpha-synuclein protein that accumulates in the brain and causes the death of the nervous system.
Flu on the ropes
Biologists at the Scripps Research Institute in California have tested an effective vaccine against all types of flu. The CR9114 super antibody is capable of fighting type A and B viruses and is a universal flu vaccine. The discovery will help fight the virus effectively and can prevent epidemics, such as the swine flu virus that killed 17,000 in 2009.
Obtaining stem cells
In 2007, Japanese geneticists led by Professor Shinya Yamanaka of Kyoto University obtained stem cells from human skin cells. Using a virus, the researchers integrated proteins that regulate gene activity and determine cell type change into skin DNA. As a result of the genetic modification, they obtained the stem cells.
A team of American scientists from the University of Washington has developed in collaboration with colleagues from the Aalto University of Finland, a contact lens capable of projecting the image directly in front of the eyes. The technology has been successfully tested, and its use does not cause side effects, although the lenses will have to be improved.
Total face transplant
In 2010 surgeons at the Vall d'Hebron Hospital in Barcelona led by Juan Barret carried out a full face transplant for the first time. The operation lasted a day, and more than 30 doctors participated in it. The patient received facial muscles, jawbones, skin, nose, lips, jaw, teeth, and throat from a donor, so a full face transplant was performed.
In 2009 scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology deluded blind people with a microchipped implant that attaches to the human eyeball, allowing the patient to see, even partially. The microcamera located in the implant is capable of transmitting images in the form of impulses to the nerve endings. The implant will generate electricity from human heat, and its duration will be ten years.
In 2012, the California company Berkeley Bionics presented its first eLegs exoskeleton, designed to help people with paralysis of the legs who, thanks to this implant, will not only be able to stay on their feet but will also regain their motor skills.