Medical Advances That Revolutionized Health and Prolonged Life

The technological revolution has resulted in the appearance of a whole diagnostic field related to the image. Thus, in 1972 the first TAC appeared and in 1982 the first nuclear magnetic resonance. Now nobody would conceive of any modern hospital without these two tools.

The era of transplants. Organ transplants have been a tremendous advance in fighting chronic disease. The first transplant in history, the kidney transplant, was left in 1946. The one with the greatest media power would be the heart transplant, and the last to appear, already in the 21st century, were facials. Spain continues to lead the transplant ranking worldwide.

Medicine on demand. A fundamental milestone in the history of Medicine came in 1953 when Watson and Crick discovered the DNA double helix. This laid the foundations for the knowledge of the human genome (2000) and makes it possible to carry out Medicine on-demand in the not too distant future.

Creation of the World Health Organization. The emergence of the WHO (1948) as a coordinating body for health at the international level has been key to combat epidemics of cholera, polio, or the famous influenza A pandemic.

The appearance of bioethics. The current Medicine could not be understood without a solid bioethical basis on which clinical research is based. How far can you investigate, and when should you stop? The start of this new stage of research emerged in 1964 with the Declaration of Helsinki.

A world without tobacco. In 2003, 192 WHO member states signed the Framework Convention for tobacco control, an agreement aimed at curbing mortality and diseases related to tobacco. In our country, the law came into force in 2006.

A different conception of birth. The concept of birth has been substantially modified from both extremes. On the one hand, with the appearance of oral contraceptives (Enovid in 1960, it was the first), which allow women to directly control when they become pregnant. On the other hand, the appearance of anti-infertility programs aimed at facilitating pregnancy. In this sense, the first step occurred in 1978 with the birth of the first test-tube baby.