Month: April 2020

Some Advances In Medicine That Are Worth Knowing

The knowledge is constantly evolving thanks to scientists and researchers from all areas daily struggle to solve human problems or to answer riddles of all kinds.

In the area of Medicine, this evolution is particularly necessary to find a cure for diseases that take the lives of thousands of people around the world every year. But in addition, it is important to understand the so-called rare or rare diseases that attack a small number of the population and, in most cases, do not have a specific cure.

Fortunately, every year scientists and researchers dedicated to Medicine advance in the understanding of certain diseases and phenomena, solving some of the most complex enigmas in the area. 2017 was no exception and, in fact, was an extremely productive year for the generation of knowledge related to Medicine. We review the 10 +1 most outstanding medical advances:

Insulin Patches And Pumps

One of the main problems of diabetics is the constant need to insert insulin through injections. But in 2017, both insulin pumps and patches were created that eliminates the need to worry about needles.

Contact Lenses To Correct Vision Problems

Companies like Google and Samsung have worked tirelessly together with teams of engineers and doctors to create bionic lenses that can definitively improve vision problems, without the need to use traditional and sometimes uncomfortable glasses.

3D Fabrics

To solve problems caused by burns and other types of tissue damage, 3D bioprinters have evolved to the point of printing fully adaptable tissues to the human body.

Frozen Molecules

Jaques Dubochet, Joachim Frank, and Richard Henderson won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their work that uses electronic cryomicroscopy to freeze molecules and understand their behavior. This technique allows us to better understand the functioning of cells, create remedies to combat certain diseases, and much more.

Medicine and Big Data

It is worth mentioning the great influence that Big Data technology is having in the field of Medicine. Did you know that your mobile phone can be a key tool in the Medicine of the future? It is likely that now you already have an application those measures your heart rate and the calories you burn when you play sports. Thus, it is easy to imagine that an app will be able to monitor your health status or create patterns to be able to anticipate pathologies or diseases thanks to Big Data.

Medical Advances That Revolutionized Health and Prolonged Life

The technological revolution has resulted in the appearance of a whole diagnostic field related to the image. Thus, in 1972 the first TAC appeared and in 1982 the first nuclear magnetic resonance. Now nobody would conceive of any modern hospital without these two tools.

The era of transplants. Organ transplants have been a tremendous advance in fighting chronic disease. The first transplant in history, the kidney transplant, was left in 1946. The one with the greatest media power would be the heart transplant, and the last to appear, already in the 21st century, were facials. Spain continues to lead the transplant ranking worldwide.

Medicine on demand. A fundamental milestone in the history of Medicine came in 1953 when Watson and Crick discovered the DNA double helix. This laid the foundations for the knowledge of the human genome (2000) and makes it possible to carry out Medicine on-demand in the not too distant future.

Creation of the World Health Organization. The emergence of the WHO (1948) as a coordinating body for health at the international level has been key to combat epidemics of cholera, polio, or the famous influenza A pandemic.

The appearance of bioethics. The current Medicine could not be understood without a solid bioethical basis on which clinical research is based. How far can you investigate, and when should you stop? The start of this new stage of research emerged in 1964 with the Declaration of Helsinki.

A world without tobacco. In 2003, 192 WHO member states signed the Framework Convention for tobacco control, an agreement aimed at curbing mortality and diseases related to tobacco. In our country, the law came into force in 2006.

A different conception of birth. The concept of birth has been substantially modified from both extremes. On the one hand, with the appearance of oral contraceptives (Enovid in 1960, it was the first), which allow women to directly control when they become pregnant. On the other hand, the appearance of anti-infertility programs aimed at facilitating pregnancy. In this sense, the first step occurred in 1978 with the birth of the first test-tube baby.

The Last Seven Biggest Leaps In Medicine

In recent years, Medicine has undergone important advances. What was unthinkable ten or twenty years ago is already becoming a reality.

First Parkinson's vaccine

Until 2012, Parkinson's disease was considered untreated. However, last year the Austrian company Affiris AG tested the PD01A vaccine, not to relieve symptoms as before, but to cure the disease. The drug forces the body to destroy the toxic alpha-synuclein protein that accumulates in the brain and causes the death of the nervous system.

Flu on the ropes

Biologists at the Scripps Research Institute in California have tested an effective vaccine against all types of flu. The CR9114 super antibody is capable of fighting type A and B viruses and is a universal flu vaccine. The discovery will help fight the virus effectively and can prevent epidemics, such as the swine flu virus that killed 17,000 in 2009.

Obtaining stem cells

In 2007, Japanese geneticists led by Professor Shinya Yamanaka of Kyoto University obtained stem cells from human skin cells. Using a virus, the researchers integrated proteins that regulate gene activity and determine cell type change into skin DNA. As a result of the genetic modification, they obtained the stem cells.

Rhinoplasty

According to leading rhinoplasty experts in Florida, facial plastic surgery is more popular than ever. Everything from a simple nose update to a medically necessary nasal reconstruction, we've got you covered.

Super lens

A team of American scientists from the University of Washington has developed in collaboration with colleagues from the Aalto University of Finland, a  contact lens capable of projecting the image directly in front of the eyes. The technology has been successfully tested, and its use does not cause side effects, although the lenses will have to be improved.

Total face transplant

In 2010 surgeons at the Vall d'Hebron Hospital in Barcelona led by Juan Barret carried out a full face transplant for the first time. The operation lasted a day, and more than 30 doctors participated in it. The patient received facial muscles, jawbones, skin, nose, lips, jaw, teeth, and throat from a donor, so a full face transplant was performed.

Electronic eyes

In 2009 scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology deluded blind people with a microchipped implant that attaches to the human eyeball, allowing the patient to see, even partially. The microcamera located in the implant is capable of transmitting images in the form of impulses to the nerve endings. The implant will generate electricity from human heat, and its duration will be ten years.

Exoskeleton eLegs

In 2012, the California company Berkeley Bionics presented its first eLegs exoskeleton, designed to help people with paralysis of the legs who, thanks to this implant, will not only be able to stay on their feet but will also regain their motor skills.